Bio1151 Chapter 5 The Structure and Function of Macromolecules
  1. Macromolecules are polymers that are made from linking building blocks (           ) with           bonds by              , and can disassemble by             .

  2. Carbohydrates are         and serve as fuel and building material.

    • Monosaccharides such as glucose are sugar monomers and can be linked to form                  .

    •                consist of two monosaccharides.

    •                  contain many monosaccharide monomers.

  3.         are mostly neutral hydrocarbons and thus are              .
    • Fats can be            with no double bonds in the hydrocarbon chains, or              with double bonds.

    • Two important classes of         in cells are phospholipids and steroids.

  4. Proteins consist of one or more              chains, which are polymers of amino acids.

    • An         is a protein that acts as a           , speeding up chemical reactions.

  5. Nucleic acid polymers called                  are made of             monomers.

    • DNA is usually composed of two polynucleotide strands wound around each other in a         helix.